Transcription of Mandarin Chinese

This transcription system is mostly for transcribing place names, and also for writing Mandarin words and names in the Arabic and Cyrillic systems. When writing Mandarin words that are not place names in the Latin Alphabet, Pinyin is used.

Here I have written the Mandarin Pinyin on the left with Bakom on the right.

Initials:

⟨b⟩ > ⟨p⟩
⟨p⟩ > ⟨p⟩
⟨m⟩ > ⟨m⟩
⟨f⟩ > ⟨f⟩
⟨d⟩ > ⟨t⟩
⟨t⟩ > ⟨t⟩

⟨n⟩ > ⟨n⟩
⟨l⟩ > ⟨l⟩
⟨g⟩ > ⟨k⟩
⟨k⟩ > ⟨k⟩
⟨h⟩ > ⟨h⟩
⟨j⟩ > ⟨c⟩
⟨q⟩ > ⟨c⟩
⟨x⟩ > ⟨s⟩
⟨zh⟩ > ⟨c⟩
⟨ch⟩ > ⟨c⟩
⟨sh⟩ > ⟨s⟩
⟨r⟩ > ⟨r⟩
⟨z⟩ > ⟨c⟩
⟨c⟩ > ⟨c⟩
⟨s⟩ > ⟨s⟩

Finals:

⟨a⟩ > ⟨a⟩
⟨e⟩ > ⟨o⟩
⟨ai⟩ > ⟨ay⟩
⟨ei⟩ > ⟨e⟩
⟨ao⟩ > ⟨aw⟩
⟨ou⟩ > ⟨o⟩
⟨an⟩ > ⟨an⟩
⟨en⟩ > ⟨on⟩
⟨ang⟩ > ⟨ang⟩
⟨eng⟩ > ⟨ong⟩
⟨ya, -ia⟩ > ⟨ya⟩
⟨yi, -i⟩ > ⟨i⟩
⟨yao, -iao⟩ > ⟨yaw⟩
⟨you, -iu⟩ > ⟨yo⟩
⟨yan, -ian⟩ > ⟨en⟩
⟨yin, -in⟩ > ⟨in⟩
⟨yang, -iang⟩ > ⟨yang⟩
⟨ying, -ing⟩ > ⟨eng⟩
⟨wa, -ua⟩ > ⟨wa⟩
⟨wu, -u⟩ > ⟨u⟩
⟨wai, -uai⟩ > ⟨way⟩
⟨wei, -ui⟩ > ⟨we⟩
⟨wan, -uan⟩ > ⟨wan⟩
⟨wen, -un⟩ > ⟨un⟩
⟨wang, -uang⟩ > ⟨wang⟩
⟨weng, -ong⟩ > ⟨ong⟩
⟨yu, -ü⟩ > ⟨yu⟩
⟨yue, -üe⟩ > ⟨yuwe⟩
⟨yun, -ün⟩ > ⟨yun⟩
⟨yuan, -üan⟩ > ⟨yuwen⟩
⟨yong, -iong⟩ > ⟨yong⟩
⟨ye, -ie⟩ > ⟨e⟩
⟨wo, -uo, -o⟩ > ⟨o⟩
⟨er⟩ > ⟨a⟩
⟨-i⟩ (after z, c, s, zh, ch, sh, r) > ⟨i⟩

Where the transcription results in a consonant followed by y or w, an unstressed vowel /ǝ/ may be pronounced to ease pronunciation.
Thus, Kwang Tong may be either /kǝˈwaŋ to̞ŋ/ or /kwaŋ to̞ŋ/.

Here are some examples:

台北 Táiběi > Tay Pe

北京 Běijīng > Pe Ceng

香港 Xiānggǎng (Hong Kong) > Syang Kang

廣東/广东 Guǎngdōng > Kwang Tong

西安 Xī’ān > Si An

雲南/云南 Yúnnán > Yun Nan

西藏 Xīzàng (Tibet) > Si Cang

哈爾濱/哈尔滨 Hā’ěrbīn (Harbin) > Ha Pin

高雄 Gāoxióng (Kaohsiung) > Kaw Syong

桃園 Táoyuán > Taw Yuwen

斗六 Dǒuliù > To Lyo

池州 Chízhōu > Ci Co

資興/资兴 Zīxīng > Ci Seng

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